De Anza College's site re-design omitted most of Euphrat Museum of Art's past exhibitions. We have recovered and archived the content here for historical purposes. Detailed information on the Euphrat Museum's exhibitions and programs between 2004 and 2011 is stored on this page. The webpage appears as it did in 2011.

To get a sense of the evolution of the Euphrat site over time, please view the snapshots of the site archived by the Internet Archive Wayback Machine.
Euphrat Home
Past Highlights

"The Euphrat Museum is a cornerstone of the De Anza Community open to anyone and everyone. Not only is it a venue for student artists to be involved in a wide spectrum of its services, it provides a place for the community, students and residents alike, to participate in the most rewarding of human experiences. The Euphrat has acted as a catalyst for civic engagement and so many artistic endeavors."

Clifford Dodd, De Anza art major

Spring 2011

De Anza and Foothill Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition
March 10 - April 19, 2011
Closed Spring Break, March 28 - April 1
Reception with the artists: April 12, 5:30-7:30pm

The De Anza and Foothill College Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition presents a variety of artwork created by full-time and part-time art faculty and staff from De Anza College in Cupertino and Foothill College in Los Altos Hills. Sculpture, painting, drawing, prints, mixed media, photography, ceramics, and more will be on display.

De Anza and Foothill Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition

Barbara Allie - Thoughtful Dilemma
Barbara Allie, Thoughtful Dilemma, 2004. Oil on canvas, 60"x48".

Hsiu-Ling Hwang - Perpetuating
Hsiu-Ling Hwang, Perpetuating, 2011. Clay, stoneware, 16" x 8.5" x 9".

Moshe Quinn - San Francisco #75 (Projection)
Moshe Quinn, San Francisco #75 (Projection), 2007. Archival print, 39"x50".

Kent Manske - Finder: Two
Kent Manske, Finder: Two, 2010. Pigment printing, screen-printing, and Plexiglas, 24.25" x 18.25" x 1.25".
Also Finder: Three, 2010.

Unveiling of "made in usa: Paul Fong"
Friday, March 11, 5-7pm

The Euphrat Museum of Art will host the unveiling of made in usa: Paul Fong 2010, created by award-winning Sunnyvale-based contemporary artist Flo Oy Wong, on Friday, March 11, 2011 from 5pm to 7pm. Donations received that evening will be dedicated to Euphrat Museum community outreach programs.

De Anza and Foothill Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition

Visit the Design2Market website for an interactive version of the map!

This new work is a continuation of made in usa: Angel Island Shhh, Wong’s seminal installation commissioned by Kearny Street Workshop of San Francisco, of which the organization received a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts. The installation was originally exhibited in 2000 at the Angel Island Immigration Station in collaboration with the Angel Island Immigration Station Foundation, Angel Island Association, and California State Parks. In 2003, the exhibition traveled to the Ellis Island Immigration Museum, New York. A portion of the exhibit was displayed at the Euphrat Museum in 2004.

Flo Oy Wong shared her visual exploration of the detention and interrogation of Chinese immigrants to the U.S. (1910 to 1951) with the nation when she was featured on the PBS NewsHour with Jim Lehrer in 2000. made in usa: Angel Island Shhh originally exhibited a rice sack flag created in honor of Paul Fong’s grandfather, Chan Share, who entered the United States in 1939. Now, ten years later in 2010, Flo Oy Wong has created made in usa: Paul Fong to extend the focus of the original exhibition to include descendants of those celebrated in her primary series. Paul Fong’s election into the California legislature inspired the artist to expand the made in usa series.

The March 11th unveiling ceremony will present made in usa: Paul Fong to the Honorable Assemblyman’s home constituency of the 22nd District. The new artwork celebrates Fong; his wife, Grace Mock Fong; his children; his grandfather, Chan Share; his father, the late Y. K. Fong; and his mother, Mei Fong. Wong’s installation also refers to the family’s history as members of Santa Clara County’s agricultural community—the floral industry. The embroidered floral depiction references a Qing Dynasty textile from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Another visual reference is ACR42, a significant piece of legislation co-sponsored by the Honorable Assemblyman that apologizes for and recognizes the persecution of Chinese in California for over 150 years due to unjust laws and unfair treatment.

Fong, his family, friends, community members and Flo Oy Wong will be attending the March 11th unveiling ceremony. While the Honorable Assemblyman has won many awards for his leadership, made in usa: Paul Fong is the first artwork that celebrates his family history and his work on behalf of his 22nd Assembly District constituents.

Please visit this event's Facebook page for more details, and Bob Hsiang's photo album of the event.
Read the Mercury News and Cupertino Patch review of the event.

Flo Oy Wong, born and raised in Oakland Chinatown, began her career at the age of 40 after taking classes at both De Anza College and Foothill College. She was a founding member of the Sunnyvale Arts Commission and a co-founder of the Asian American Women Artists Association. Wong also served as a member of the board of directors of the Arts Council Silicon Valley and the Euphrat Museum of Art.

The award-winning artist is the recipient of two National Endowment for the Arts Awards. In 2007 she received the City of Sunnyvale’s Art Award and in 2008 she was named an Asian American Hero by Santa Clara County Supervisor Liz Kniss. Wong is also a recipient of the Norman Mineta Lifetime Achievement Award from the Silicon Valley Pacific Asian American Democratic Club.

The artist has shown locally and nationally, and also in Beijing, Hong Kong, Lusaka (Zambia), and Copenhagen. Her work is currently being shown in several traveling shows nation-wide, including Women Call for Peace: Global Vistas. Wong has participated in various artist residencies, including Headlands Center for the Arts and Art Omi in New York. Her works and writings are published in many books, including History as Art, Art as History. She has appeared on the KQED television series, SPARK.

EVENT CO-SPONSOR: Chinese Historical Society of America. We gratefully acknowledge the support of Arts Council Silicon Valley, Asian Americans For Community Involvement, Asian American Women Artists Association, Angel Island Immigration Station Foundation, Asian Pacific American Leadership Institute, Asian Pacific Islander Cultural Center, Chinese Historical Society of America, California History Center, Foothill-De Anza Foundation, and Kearny Street Workshop.

Winter 2011

Learn to Play Too
January 4 – February 24, 2011
Check museum hours here.

Preview events coinciding with ZER01:
Friday Sept 17, 2010 After work: Game Challenge and Workshop
Saturday Sept 18, 2010: Exhibition (Selected Works)
      Saturday 5pm: Deadline for digital submissions
      Saturday Evening: Speed judging & awards

Events coinciding with Silicon Valley Fall Festival (Rotary Club of Cupertino, World Journal)
Saturday, Sunday, Sept 25, 26, 2010: 11-4 Exhibition Preview, with
      Game Boards Art Station at Memorial Park; Game Spinners Art Station at Euphrat Museum

Hands On Gaming, Part 1
Saturday, October 30, 2010
      11am - 1pm: Bike Friendly City Catherine Herdlick
      Noon - 2pm: Socks Inc workshop
      Noon - 2pm: Game-making workshops
      1 pm: Brenda Braithwaite leads her game Train

Hands On Gaming, Part 2
Saturday, November 20, 2010
      11am - 1pm: Bike Friendly City Catherine Herdlick
      Noon - 2pm: Socks Inc workshop
      Noon - 2pm: Game-making workshops
      1 pm: Brenda Braithwaite leads her game Train

First Thursday
Thursday, November 4, December 2, 2010, February 3, March 3, 2011, 5-7:30, poetry and more
Hosted by the Black Student Union and Institute of Community and Civic Engagement, Euphrat Museum of Art

Saturday, February 12, 2011, 1:00pm-3:00pm
Learn to Play Too in conjunction with the San Jose State and Cogswell game development clubs host an afternoon of game design and critique.

April Banks "We Love To Watch"
Monday, February 14, 2011, 9:00am
AT120, Advanced Technology Center, near Euphrat Museum of Art

Brenda Brathwaite "Games Like Photographs: Capturing Emotions"
Wednesday, February 16, 2011, 6:30pm
Forum 1, next to Administration Building in the center of campus

Susana Ruiz "Take Action Games"
Tuesday, February 22, 2011, 9:30am, 10:30am
Admin 109, Administration Building in the center of campus

Artists include Andrew Y Ames, Jim Babb of Socks Inc., April Banks, Brenda Brathwaite, Yunan Cao, Terry Cavanagh, Joe DeLappe, David Elliott, Jake Elliott, Mark Essen, Catherine Herdlick, Rod Humble, Stephen Lavelle, Molleindustria, Francisco Ortega-Grimaldo, Jason Rohrer, Susana Ruiz of Take Action Games, Adam Saltsman, Kelly Santiago and Jenova Chen of thatgamecompany, Jonatan Söderström, Superbrothers, La Mar Williams II, Robert Yang, the City of Cupertino, and more.

Curated by James Morgan and John Bruneau, with Jan Rindfleisch
Partners: ZER01, CADRE Laboratory for New Media
For additional information, visit ZER01's Learn To Play page.

Learn to Play Too, an expansion of the ground-breaking Learn to Play.
Due to the overwhelmingly positive response, and to the great interest from campus and community to develop projects and programming directly related to the exhibition, we offer Learn to Play Too and feature many of the current artists, as well as new ones. Learn To Play Too is incorporating new projects and programming and additional works curated in through various channels: open calls, game challenges, and through our expanding projects, programming, and networking. Our goal is to use the broad topic of games to encourage dialogue, discussion, and engage campus and community, all ages.

Visit the Learn to Play site

Read the La Voz Weekly (10/26/2010), La Voz Weekly (2/3/2011), ARTSHIFT San Jose, Spartan Daily,
          Mercury News, Monta Vista High School's El Estoque, Cupertino Patch, and reviews
          of this art exhibition.
Read the La Voz Weekly coverage of the artists' reception.
Watch the KCTV 1.9 Taiwanese (Mandarin) channel segment on this art exhibition.

When life is a game, how do you learn to play?
Games, an expression of art and life, can bridge the gaps between cultures, and be a common language that brings communities together. Game makers tell compelling stories about their lives or the world. Learn to Play includes video, board and social games by indy game designers. The exhibition offers a selection of poetic, artistic, and artful games that embody the qualities of human existence, focusing on the experience of playing and learning to play. The characteristics of these games echo human nature, teaching us who and what we are, or can be, so we can explore life directions driven by our choice and conscience.

As conduits for bridging or separating cultures, games can be used to bring communities together for improvement of economic and social conditions, or to exploit communities through political maneuvering. The games selected span the range from quick play to epic games requiring many hours to complete; they range from personal growth to those used for socially conscious purposes.

Learn to Play is also a challenge. We invite people of all backgrounds to experience and create games that express social and emotional relevance. During the course of the exhibition, workshops will be held to teach basic game design tools. At the end of the workshops we will have game challenges from which work may be curated into the exhibition.

Come play some games and/or create your own! Below are some examples of games in the exhibition by some of the innovative artists in our show.

Want to try living your life in 5 minutes? Jason Rohrer’s Passage, a short lyrical game, gives you that chance. And then you can repeat and do it again differently. The retro, pixelated 8-bit graphics abstract us from the experience, but also allow us to see ourselves and our lives through our participation in the game. Passage has emotional impact and simplicity. Rohrer is an independent game artist and critic whose games and his work as a whole have bolstered the acceptance of games as a serious art form. For more information, visit his game page.

Jason Rohrer - Passage

Start with little yellow game pieces and some boxcars. Brenda Brathwaite’s game, Train, is artful and powerful, drawing one in with its sculptural form, historical reference, and the function of its play. Brathwaite is a game designer, artist and writer who was named one of the top most influential women in the game industry by and Next Generation magazine. Her current work is a non-digital gaming collection known as "Mechanic is the Message." Train won a Vanguard Award at IndieCade for "pushing the boundaries of game design and showing us what games can do." New addition to exhibition: Síochán leat (Gaelic for "peace be with you"), aka "The Irish Game," chronicles her family’s history from the Cromwellian invasion of Ireland to their eventual immigration to the West Indies and Canada. A burlap mound, filled with mementos, is covered by 26 pieces of grass, each representing a county in Ireland.

Brenda Brathwaite - Train

Dive deep. Adam Saltsman’s FATHOM explores the middle ground between life and death. Saltsman, known in the gaming community as Adam Atomic, is an indy game designer and programmer. Saltsman is co-organizer of the Indi Art Jam and responsible for flixel, a popular, open Actionscript library that aids other creators in the development of Flash games.

Adam Saltsman - FATHOM

Catherine Herdlick: "Part scavenger hunt, part guerilla art, and part bike race, Bike Friendly City is a playful urban intervention that arms teams with sidewalk chalk to defend the best bike lanes in Cupertino and make it a bicyclist's paradise with temporary bike boxes and positive messages to their fellow pedal pushers. Play in the bike lanes and explore the streets in ways only an urban biker can appreciate!"

Catherine Herdlick - Bike Friendly City
Catherine Herdlick - Bike Friendly City

Have fun and play. Yunan Cao’s Ping Pong Diplomacy has an actual fun-to-play ping-pong table painted with the words "trust" and "distrust" in English and Chinese. Cao updates the historical reference to opening up relations between the U.S. and China in the 1970s. "Friendship first, competition second." Her ping pong paddles have faces of US/China diplomacy today. In the Euphrat we extend the invitation of diplomacy to open positive dialog between visitors from different countries, companies, political parties, and more. Also viewers may suggest high-profile match ups to play the game or come up with their own rules.

Yunan Cao - Ping Pong Diplomacy

Check out You Meet The Nicest People Making Videogames, the start of an ongoing video project by La Mar Williams II. Williams captures the drive, creative energy, behind gamers, including Anna Anthropy, a woman in an indy games field heavily dominated by men. For more information, visit his Tumblr page. Williams will also run a related workshop for at-risk youth to let them experience the power of making their own game, telling their own story. For more information, visit the workshop's webpage.

La Mar Williams II. Williams - You Meet The Nicest People Making Videogames

Contemplate the game piece. Milk Bath is a photograph from the provocative series We Love to Watch by conceptual artist April Banks with DeQawn Mobley, a former collegiate and NFL player. Mobley is shown putting on his gear amid stereotypic symbols of milk and watermelon. The photo calls attention to the commodified image of the hyper-masculine black athletic body as violent and sexual — a ubiquitous "game piece," putting on his game face. Using the historically racially charged symbol of the watermelon, this work explores Mobley’s experience as a collegiate and NFL player and its well-debated parallels to the slave trade. Going beyond a first-person narrative, Banks and Mobley explore what it means to be reduced to a game time object on the field, watched and "loved" by millions. For more information, visit

April Banks - Milk Bath

Joe DeLappe reminds us of the cost of our predilection for war with his ongoing memorial series Dead in Iraq. The exhibition features a scale model of a fallen soldier ripped from the video game America’s Army, which is also used as a recruitment tool. As viewers maneuver around the body, one is reminded of the real-life results of warring.

Joe DeLappe - America's Army
Joseph DeLappe, America’s Army, 2009. Mixed papercraft sculpture made from extracted avatar 3D data.
Photo: Christine A. Butler

Help find Zoe. Susana Ruiz and Take Action Games (TAG) worked with Toronto’s METRAC (Metropolitan Action Committee on Violence Against Women and Children) to create Finding Zoe. METRAC was interested in a game for youth, ages 8-14, addressing abusive dating relationships and gender stereotyping. The game can be played individually or in small groups, ideally facilitated. TAG specializes in casual games for change, addressing social/political content, traversing the intersections of computational art, narrative, journalism, activism, ethics, history and documentary. New: Dying in Darfur, an online game designed to serve as an informational entryway to the current humanitarian crisis in the Sudan. The core TAG team met while graduate students at the University of Southern California’s Interactive Media Division. For more information, visit

Take Action Games: Interview with Co-Founder Susana Ruiz
Video by Fernando Julian Perez

Susana Ruiz - Finding Zoe

Grab a flower petal and get to know thatgamecompany, founded by Kellee Santiago and Jenova Chen. Flower, a game for PlayStation3, explores emotional chords uncommon in video games. The surrounding environment is the primary "character," posing challenges. Players accumulate flower petals as the onscreen world swings between the pastoral and the chaotic. Everything you pick up causes the environment to change. The player controls the lead petal and accumulates a swarm of flower petals as s/he moves. Thatgamecompany focuses on games that touch and inspire. Chen and Santiago are also graduates of the USC’s Interactive Media MFA program. For more information, visit the game page.

Kellee Santiago and Jenova Chen - Flower

Superbrothers exhibit pixelated game-inspired film shorts. Children of the Clone (with Jim Guthrie). Design Reboot HD (with Jonathan Blow). Dot Matrix Revolution (with Jim Guthrie) has two computer engineers in a captivating dance-off that plays on the development of information technology and the Internet in the last 60 years. For more information, visit the game page.

Superbrothers - Dot Matrix Revolution

Trouble with your job? Molleindustria’s Everyday the same dream, you are late for work is a "short existential about alienation and refusal of labor. Or if you prefer, a musical video." Molleindutria, an Italian team of artists, designers, and programmers, likes to subvert the mainstream video gaming cliché and have fun in the process. For more information, visit

Molleindustria - Everyday The Same Dream, You Are Late For Work

Forget the budget crisis? Balance or Bust Board Game. Your "City Council Team" must decrease spending (or increase revenue) by $2,000,000 by the end of the fiscal year (one trip around the board equals one fiscal year). Select a "Mayor" and "City Clerk." Cards are for services to be cut. Landing on dark pink squares means a Grant Opportunity. Dark green squares are Economic Development Opps. Black squares are bad news… Developed by the City of Cupertino, this award winning game tackles the real thing.

City of Cupertino - Balance Or Bust

Tell a story. Socks Incorporated by Jim Babb is about creating an avatar, a sock puppet, and telling a story together. The player follows the main character’s narrative while simultaneously participating in his/her own. The sock puppet avatar (a character brought to life by your hand) allows the player to experience real-world play without the fear of embarrassment or the limits of social conformities. Anyone who can upload images and videos can play. The potential for personal expression and creativity is sky-high (or knee-high in the case of socks). You can play it, and then tell all your friends to play it, too. This will create a huge sock-puppet community that will share and comment on stories. For more information, visit the game page.

Jim Babb - Socks Incorporated

For Corporate Ladder you stack blocks. The object of the board game, developed by David Elliott, UCLA Design Media Arts, is to take up the most space. Players can build up their territory or take over an opponent’s territory, but if you knock over a tower you loose the game. Tall towers become a liability to everyone. Building structures is fun. Deeper pleasure comes when two or more players construction plans intersect. The game transforms from individual expression to social interaction. With conflict and reconciliation, personalities become as much a deciding factor as building strategies. For more information, visit the game page.

David Elliot - Corporate Ladder

Divorce drama? Robert Yang makes mods. Radiator 1-2, Handle With Care: You’re struggling to repress stressful memories while your worthless husband moans and whines to that equally worthless marriage counselor. (Issue 2, July 2009) A mod(ification) for Half-Life 2 to talk about gay marriage and divorce. For more information, visit

Robert Yang - Radiator 1-2, Handle With Care

A chess mod to better reflect modern warfare? Andrew Y Ames’s Last Resort is modified chess: war to protect civilians and territory. The Bleached side with pawns, rooks, knights, bishops, and a nuke, fights to free a foreign people in another land; the Oiled side with pawns, fights to be a free people in their own land. Both sides seek to protect life and freedom. The asymmetry of war is encoded in movements. The game has brass civilian pieces that either player may move. Oiled pawns and the nuke may be detonated, removing adjacent pieces. The first player to move four civilians to the row closest to their side wins. The key to winning is through the people caught in the middle. Players can play justly and protect the citizens. Or manipulate civilian loses to gain support through deception. For more information, visit the game page.

Andrew Y. Ames - Last Resort

Border Patrol officers search your cargo. Francisco Ortega-Grimaldo's board game Crossing the Bridge “illustrates the symbiotic relationship of the El Paso-Juarez border by resembling the cliché of the illegal exchange of goods between both cities.” Ortega-Grimaldo creates games based on the political frontier between México and the United States, to promote “interest among players about the reality of the border.” See his website Ludoztli (means making games). He is Assistant Professor in Communication Design at Texas Tech and part of the first generation (2000) of SWEAT, a collaborative dedicated to making socially conscious video games.

Jake Elliott. Two grandmothers and two great-grandmothers enliven A House in California, a narrative game. Players engage with "environments and activities drawn from a combination of memory, research, poetry, and fantasy." A House in California inverts the murder mystery game Mystery House (1980) into "a peaceful but surreal character study which draws the player into the inner lives of its characters through verbs like remember, learn and play." View the early trailer.

Jake Elliott - A House In California

Games with games. Mark Essen, ArtCat Zine interview: "I usually start with a movement and I build environments around that. For You Found the Grappling Hook, a friend sent me this code for a grappling hook, and I built a little engine so you could walk and swing... Eventually, I realized that that was all I wanted to do, so I built some caves, and that was it." After the Businessweek episode, the game morphed into the infamous You Found the Grappling Hook (Pro)…

Mark Essen - You Found The Grappling Hook

New: upgraded 1/11. For his visual puzzle game Tuning, Jonatan Söderström (Cactus) received the inaugural Nuovo Award, honoring "abstract, shortform, and unconventional game development which advances the medium..." Brandon Boyer, Boing Boing: "when I debuted his last game, Tuning… I continued to field questions about ‘that ball game’ for the rest of the week. Tuning, which went on to take the Sublime Experience award at Indiecade, …is a game about rolling a ball from point A to point B, but embellished by a series of filters that truly test your brain's ability to process inputs."

Jonatan Söderström - Tuning

Terry Cavanagh and Stephen Lavelle’s Judith. Cavanagh: "…a game about control." Emily Short, GameSetWatch column: "…navigate through an abandoned castle, each time entering… doors… the player transitions back and forth, playing now a man in the modern day and now a woman some decades (or perhaps centuries) earlier. …the player is afraid of what will happen to the characters, but the only way to see the end of the story is to place them at risk… The protagonists...stand apart from the player: we are risking them… when we choose to walk/have them walk into the darkness… The act of playing through awakens a moral tension in the player."

Terry Cavanagh and Stephen Lavelle - Judith

Rod Humble on The Marriage: "I regard game rules as highly compact artistic statements…use game rules to explain something invisible but real… The Marriage came out of a weekend with my wife in Carmel. It was created on my laptop as I listened to the waves... the central point was the Marriage, that if both needs were not satisfied the Marriage dies. …love is satisfying different needs. I need "alone time" and "together time" but not one exclusively and the game’s rules were a way of exploring that. …the power of that initial impact between the two squares and your reaction defines how you look at the rest of the game."

Rod Humble - TheMarriage

Arcade Murals:
Created on-site for the exhibition, Sean Boyles’s 16-foot mural Control Freak is a tour de force, with line drawings of groups of youth, a bevy of game controls, free-flowing paint, and some nostalgic fowl from Duck Hunt. For more information, visit

Sean Boyle - Control Freak Mural

Combining colorful paint and stencils, Rodrigo Oliva’s multi-dimensional Bits brings the museum’s walls, seating, and computers alive with Space Invaders and other early game imagery.

Rodrigo Oliva - Pac-Man
Photo: Janet Leong Malan

Come On Down!
Come On Down! is a multi-purpose project space that includes a collaborative communal area for connecting visual and oral history, and an experimental exhibition area for the results of interactive projects. Part of this campus/community space will feature frequently changing artwork. Fall 2010 presentations will include:
  • Student Activity: Euphrat Multidisciplinary Arts Summer Bridge Project for Foster Youth. Santa Clara County high school students in the De Anza College Summer Bridge Program for Foster Youth (developed and directed by Donna Fung) worked with Euphrat staff, looked at goals and resources, and created powerful photographs, a Game mural, and poetry.

    Socks workshop in front of Game of Life mural
    Socks workshop in front of Game of Life mural by foster youth in Euphrat's Multidisciplinary Arts Summer Bridge Project.

    Game of Life mural
    Game of Life mural, part of Art from Euphrat Multidisciplinary Arts Summer Bridge Program for Foster Youth. Juxtaposed with DARE (De Anza Restoring Education) Student Activist Art Show, Sept. 2010 - Feb. 2011. Photograph by Jennifer Dirking

    La Loteria Game
    La Loteria game, Honoring Our Ancestors, Honorando a Nuestros Antepasados, collaborative game created by Alicia Cortez's Puente students working in conjunction with Learn to Play exhibition. Each loteria card represents a great Latino/a leader from the past. The object is to read the clues about the chosen leader's accomplishments, guess who they are, and win the card. Nov. 2010 - February 2011. Photograph by Jennifer Dirking

  • Also Dia de Los Muertos (Day of the Dead) collaborative altar by MEChA students. November 2010.

  • Game-making work stations for workshops, including those conducted by SJSU Game Developers Club.

Winter 2010

In Between: The Tension and Attraction of Difference
Exhibition evolves with Special Projects through April 15th

The Euphrat Museum of Art at De Anza College serves a culturally diverse, technologically sophisticated, urban community undergoing rapid economic and social changes. Our inaugural year exhibitions have woven together the stories of artists and groups with local and global connections in an effort to understand the fascinating community that we are situated in: Silicon Valley. Our second major inaugural exhibition, In Between: The Tension and Attraction of Difference, continues our examination of Silicon Valley’s varied and colorful growth through visual media and shared narratives.

Artists include: Marlene Angeja, Mei-chu Chang, Sam Hernandez, Bu Hua, Ken Lo, Abraham Menor, Minette Lee Mangahas, Penny Nii, Ricardo Richey, Lucy Sargeant, Imin Yeh, Xudong Yu, and more.

In Between: The Tension and Attraction of Difference

In Between is a gathering of artists who do or see things in a fresh way, who investigate and rethink the status quo, upset common perceptions, embrace the unknown, and change the game. It is language-oriented, yet not confined by language. Age-old tradition is combined with street art, technology, animation, music, etc. In Between brings together people from different generations and cultures, working with different aspects of the community, stretching across boundaries. This outreach is nourished in the constantly re-inventive Silicon Valley and in the vibrant Bay Area, where tradition and new ideas abound.

Front View
"Much of my work is about MOVEMENT and the tension and attraction of difference. It’s about the freedom that can come from embracing what is born in-between, what we do not know, and sometimes what we fear."
Minette Lee Mangahas

The recent art of Hawaiian-born Minette Lee Mangahas bridges many different cultures. After years studying Zen calligraphy, she began a project working with graffiti artists from around the country. Called Calligraffiti, it opens the door to the many connections that draw from one’s expertise/experiences and pull in the expertise/experience of others. In her Exquisite Corpse series, Mangahas worked with eight graffiti artists individually. Based on a collaborative game invented by the Surrealists, the images are collectively assembled, with each collaborator adding to the composition in sequence. The artists included Amend One, Desi W.O.M.E, and Denz (Oakland), Apex (San Francisco), Coby Kennedy (New York), Lucha (NY + SF), Zen One (Minneapolis), and Toons One (Los Angeles). Mangahas’s own work is like poetry with a brush; she calls it brush-song. Combined with the graffiti artists, a new poetry grows. In one instance, Ricardo Richey (aka Apex) began with the letter "a," created street variations, and then broke into an abstract version as Mangahas responded/interpreted with calligraphy. Ricardo Richey has created a special window painting for Front View. For more information about Mangahas, visit the Headlands Center for the Arts website, and her own website, For more information about Ricardo Richey, visit the luggage store.

Minette Mangahas - Exquisite Corpse
Minette Lee Mangahas with Apex, Coby Kennedy, Zen One, Toons, Amend, Desi W.O.M.E., Denz, and Lucha, Exquisite Corpse Mural, 2008. Mixed media on wood, eight 2'x4' panels.

Apex & Mangahas - Dyptich
Minette Lee Mangahas with Ricardo Richey and Coby Kennedy, Exquisite Corpse Mural (detail, first two panels), 2008. Mixed media on wood, eight 2'x4' panels.

West Gallery — Poetry and Grammar
Mei-chu Chang is a well-known Chinese calligrapher and seal engraver from Taiwan currently living in the Bay Area. A student of master Bei-Yue Wang, he explored and learned from classic calligraphy. He has been giving calligraphy classes in the Bay Area for ten years. He organized the Antiquarian Club of Chinese Calligraphy while traveling to various U.S. art museums. The Qing Dynasty calligrapher and painter Shi Tao said: "While it takes great efforts to deeply emulate other artists, it takes great courage then to emerge as a unique artist." Beginning in 2008, Chang started a series of breakthrough pieces that encompassed his new experiences. His unique compositions elevate the life of the bold, black brushstroke and place it in a new environment. For more information about Chang, visit the Chinese Culture Center Online Gallery website.

Mei Chu Chang - Landscape
Mei-chu Chang, Landscape, 2008. Ink and seals on rice paper, using Chinese calligraphy brush, 26.5" x 50".

Painter Lucy Sargeant uses brushstrokes differently, with an abundance of color. Brushstrokes and drips freely form the large portrait faces of artist friends, who are often notable San Jose State University professors who have helped shape the Bay Area artistic landscape. Her painting David M. is of sculptor and professor David Middlebrook, who created a major bronze public sculpture on the De Anza campus. Sargeant catches his inner reflection, depicting his unique character traits. Likewise with her portrait of poet and professor Virginia de Araujo. Sargeant’s second career is teaching representational drawing at San Jose State, often to future animators. She finds appeal in de Araujo’s philosophy: "To write a good poem, one has to know grammar." Sargeant builds up form through brushstrokes; then like de Araujo, the artwork takes on a life and poetry of its own. For more information about Sargeant, visit her website,

Lucy Sargeant - David M.
Lucy Sargeant, David M., 1999. Oil on canvas, 48"x36".

Sam Hernandez, longtime professor of sculpture at Santa Clara University, adds an unusual dimension to his customary free-standing sculptures, illuminated by his study of many different cultural traditions. For his large wall piece Dichos y Bichos, he combines a long list of folk wisdom in Spanish. Sprinkled throughout the heavily gessoed lines of text are little bronze critters. This magical piece speaks to all those experiences where we find wisdom on a day-to-day basis. The work is flanked by Homage, a free-standing totemic Chinese scholar-stone work ("awkward stone," Northern style) of redwood, with inlaid pool balls in the base for nodules. Hernandez’s totemic sculptures often have jutting wood elements, like solidified brushstrokes, forming figures or characters for meditative contemplation. For more information about Hernandex, visit his website,

Sam Hernandez - Dichos Y Bichos
Sam Hernandez, Dichos y Bichos, 2007. Walnut, patinated bronze, gesso, 173"x121"x1.625".

Sam Hernandez - Homage
Sam Hernandez, Homage, 2002. Redwood, japan color, pool balls, 63.5"x22.5"x20".

The unusual books of Penny Nii are investigations in form, ideas, and the passage of time. Nii’s expertise has encompassed fabric art, book art, and curating (after a career as research scientist at Stanford University). Her book, Pic to Words, is comprised of pictographs, Chinese/Japanese ideograms, and drawings. It utilizes Gocco prints and a type of accordion/concertina structure. "I have been collecting ancient pictographs and hieroglyphs from Chinese and Japanese sources for many years. The ideograms in use today and the images of the meanings of the ideograms are printed on the left-hand pages. The pages form a wall when opened fully." Yen for Death is in the form of a Japanese funerary urn that opens to create an altar. "The wrapped box … opens into panels that show artifacts related to a short story about the death of my sister-in-law and the aspects of Japanese funerary business. The accordion-folded book, which contains the story, is stored in the lid of the box. The photographs are from my father’s funeral in 1969." For more information about Nii, visit her website,

Penny Nii - Ashes, Ashes, We All Fall Down
Penny Nii, Ashes, Ashes, We All Fall Down, 2008. Artist book.

Imin Yeh’s traditional woodcut prints are a platform to take off to new realms. "Utilizing history, subtle humor, exchange and generosity, social intervention and technical craft," her work opens lively dialog on cultural understanding, playing with subjects such as "good imports" and "student loans." The images range from comforting patterns to Benjamin Franklin to power animals of the zodiac, but with a twist: Year of the Pill Bug, Year of the Three-Toed Sloth, and Urban Street Pigeon, etc. "I am interested in American and Chinese history and in the many ways both cultures and economies are entangled today." While this interest encompasses the function of souvenirs in cultural tourism, cultural fetishism, divisions of labor that result from global industry, and more, Yeh’s playfulness and spirit enliven the unusual projects. Come and participate. Make your own folk festival. For more information about Yeh, visit her website,

Imin Yeh - Placemat
Imin Yeh, Poweranimal Placemats, 2009. Paper placemats, 10"x14".

South Gallery — Double Nature Multi-Faced
Marlene Angeja exhibits several abstract paintings, bold in color and brushstroke. Titles such as The Wheelbarrow only begin to allude to the process and range of ideas around the paintings. Nearby, videos provide another window. Island is a video project using archival footage (1953-58) of the Azores Islands, which lie in the unstable junction between the North American, Eurasian and African tectonic plates. When Angeja was a child, she lived on the island of Pico. Her mother and her brother took a boat to record the eruption of Capelinhos volcano on an 8mm home movie camera. Today, the video composite is about the idea of island from an emigrant’s point of view, which involves a profound sense of nostalgia (saudade) for the lost landscape. For more information, visit her website,

"For us, geography is history. Like mermaids, we have a double nature: we are flesh and stone. Our bones dive into the ocean."
Vitorino Nemésio

Marlene Angeja - The Wheelbarrow
Marlene Angeja, The Wheelbarrow, 2009. Acrylic on canvas, 24"x24".

Bu Hua (Beijing, China) recently exhibited a short animation in San Francisco. Entitled Anxiety, it is about the anxiety that comes from desire and greed, societal status, and about a lone little girl with a wand who with "pure noble thoughts and feelings" goes about saving animals. While Hua’s Shanghai solo show was Man-Made Fairyland, the core of her work is about "the heart." An earlier animation, Oneness, features four figures on a "Journey to the West." Each figure is different, yet sometimes we find their characteristics in the same person. "Everybody is multi-faced." Wordless, the animations speak across continents.

Yu Xudong (Guangzhou, China) exhibits simple signs, all with the letter "a." In One Person’s Parade (his take on China’s parade law), he has photographed himself all alone with a megaphone, determinedly holding his sign high in various safe parts of China — in the middle of an empty warehouse, in the middle of an empty street, standing atop some nondescript low building. In China he can’t protest. For him the rhetorical structure is important and "how the physical and political space in society is being used and consumed." His simple signs, leaning against the museum wall, reference a much larger relationship between the individual and public, whether one is part of the critical dialogue or not even noticed.

Abraham Menor lives in the pulse of San José: Silicon Valley. He is an edgy photographer, an "at-risk" youth case manager, and a community organizer/worker affiliated with Silicon Valley DeBug. With a background in sociology, he began documenting graffiti as a way to examine social behavior. His blog is Brainsoiled. Keepitsoiled — stay grounded. He has documented various social and political movements such as the anti-war movement, the Filipino World War II Veterans Equity Movement, the Silence the Violence Day, and the Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Train March. The energy he saw on the street greatly influenced his approach to his documentation of Hip Hop culture and street culture. As a participant and observer, Menor captures lived moments, raw and real. He combines his photos with music or alters them with artist Shorty Fatz. He has documented the Shorty Fatz phenomenon from a garage operation to a hot company in the bike world.

Abraham Menor - The Art Of War
Abraham Menor, The Art Of War, 2009. Digital Print.
Bboys presenting their skills at San José's largest bboy/bgirl event.

Ken Lo, an Asian b-ball legend at 5’7" who ran with Kobe, creates a special installation. K. Lo is a straight shooter: "I’d like to think the quality of your game was all that mattered." So he lays it out: "You are not anyone unless you have a name, and you’re not a name that means anything unless you have a shoe." Through video (The Rice Balla Chronicles), poster, SLAM interview, and an elaborate storefront display (balla cards, radical Chinese paper cutouts and grillwork, Lucky Feet Happy Shoes T shirt, and more), you can check out the man and the all-important shoes. "They used to call me Yellow Fever, because my game was sick. What will they call you?" So if you have a big ego and want to be one of the guys, K. Lo gives good advice: Work versatility into your game. "Don’t just be a shooter….You need to develop a complete game to play." And, "May you always dribble forward and shoot without regret." For reviews of his shoe store, visit Yelp.

Ken Lo - Leroy Nieman
Ken Lo, Leroy Nieman, 2008.

South Gallery Additions (April 5-15)
The Special Projects area in the South Gallery connects artists, college, and community to address the current education crisis in California. Topics range from our formal educational system, to the everyday wisdom that is passed down from our elders and grows anew in the thoughts and ideas of our youth, to the ways in which college and community intersect through programs and projects.

Euphrat Community Arts Mentorship Initiative (2009-10): Working with At-Risk Youth
This Initiative engages college and community through Euphrat exhibition programming, bringing together consultants such as photographer/educator/activist Abe Menor and visual artists/arts educators Lydia Sanchez and Corinne Okada, working with De Anza student interns. Projects were based on the exhibition In Between/ The Tension and Attraction of Difference.

Artists: Abe Menor, Corinne Okada, Lydia Sanchez, students from Columbia Middle School and Nimitz Elementary School, with Edith Argabrite

Abe Menor’s photographs and Corinne Okada’s textiles honor the elders and the history of our community, from Filipino WWII veterans, to Chinese, Japanese, and Mexican agricultural workers, to youth activists today who want healing, unity, and "schools not prisons." Lydia Sanchez’s paintings of marathons in which she has participated show people on the move for change. Okada’s digital textiles depict symbols that "honor the Valley’s agricultural past and celebrate the blending of ethnic groups today and the digital economy driving it."

Edith Argabrite’s multiple yet unique felted yarn Nests speak to the foundation we are providing for future generations, young and old. Nests asks: What kind of educational and community institutions are we building for lifelong nurturing and learning?

Students from Columbia Middle School exhibit Falling and Flying books, inspired by Penny Nii’s artist books, with the goal of passing on their personal life struggles and accomplishments to younger students.

Students from Nimitz Elementary School exhibit several projects: Dichos y Bichos, based on the Sam Hernandez sculpture of the same name, reflect cultural sayings/wisdom passed down in the family and community. What You Don’t Know About Me, using words and photographic portraits, and involving speaking up and teamwork. In Zodiac Trading Cards, based on Imin Yeh’s reinvented zodiac animals, students identified one of their strengths and also weaknesses.

Hanako. Nimitz Elementary School. Dichos Y Bichos Project.
Hanako. Nimitz Elementary School. Dichos y Bichos project.

Come On Down!
Come On Down! is a multi-purpose project space that includes a collaborative communal area for connecting visual and oral history, and an experimental exhibition area for the results of interactive projects. Part of this campus/community space will feature frequently changing artwork. Presentations include:
  • Student Activity: Santa Clara County high school students in the Summer Bridge Program for foster youth (developed by Donna Fung) at De Anza created (Super)heroes. Working with Euphrat staff, they examined qualities of heroism in their own lives and in the lives of those around them. They built powerful mixed-media art pieces, using words, poetry, images, paint, and sections of recycled doors.

    Santa Clara County high school student - (Super)hero
    Santa Clara County high school student, (Super)hero project, 2009. Part of the Euphrat Museum Art Project in conjunction with the Summer Bridge Program for foster youth.

  • Publications: This area is also used for study and research. Several publications are on display, including Present Tense and The Fourth R: Art and the Needs of Children and Youth.

  • El Dia de Los Muertos (Day of the Dead) shoe-box ofrendas and display by Puente students. Students created individual altars honoring people they know or addressing a community issue. They helped design the installation, which included Mexican textiles, papel picado, a portrait of Cesar Chavez, and a hand-painted canvas banner by Francisco Garcia. Alicia Cortez, Puente Project Co-Coordinator, Counselor/Instructor. November 2009 only.

  • Culture Jamming Subvertisements: Sal Breiter’s winter Popular Culture class created Subvertisements. Selected artworks were installed first for critique, with suggestions in a notebook. The "subvert" has the look and feel of the targeted ad, with the same high production quality, but it promotes a classic double-take from viewers as they realize they have been duped. This creates cognitive dissonance and reveals a deeper truth within. Culture Jamming is a process of transforming mass media to produce commentary about itself. It is a form of public activism, creating a contrast between mass media images and the realities and negative sides of the corporation or media. Photographs of the subvertisements in the community will be included.

  • The Mapping Project: Purba Fernandez’s Geography 1 class took the lead on this ongoing collaborative project and interactive installation, which connects stories and images of Silicon Valley. Students and viewers describe a location in Silicon Valley where something personally meaningful happened, e.g. a memorable place as a child or how a place changed with new development.

    Collaborators: The California History Center, Geography Department, Euphrat Museum of Art.

Come On Down! Project Space Additions (March, April)
At our Come On Down! project space, we are showing two projects from Sal Breiter’s Popular Culture class at De Anza:
  • Culture Jamming Subvertisement "roughs" and two finished Subvertisements, including one by iSPEAK. The "subvert" has the look and feel of the targeted ad, with the same high production quality, to promote a classic double-take from viewers as they realize they have been duped. Culture Jamming a form of public activism, creating a contrast between mass media images and the realities and negative sides of the corporation or media.

  • "The Pen is Mightier Than the Sword" Project and Sticker Project. Students identified "words" and phrases from constructive-feedback letters they had written to producers of popular culture and used them as a foundation for their sticker project. Using artist Tucker Nichols as an inspiration, students took photographs of their temporary removable stickers that they placed around their communities.

    Sticker Project
    Sticker Project.

The exhibition was curated by Jan Rindfleisch, along with the artists and with Nancy Hom, Abby Chen, Robin Treen, Jianhua Shu, and others.

Works by Bu Hua, Ken Lo, Imin Yeh, and Yu Xudong were recently shown at the Chinese Culture Center in an exhibition entitled Present Tense: Chinese Character, which reflected a fresh perspective through the eyes of young artists. More information on these artists can be found in the accompanying book of the same name. In addition to its focus on youth, one of the exhibit’s premises was that any of us can be Chinese. In In Between, we expand that concept further by considering the multiple, inventive ways that people employ to probe other identities and to take on new traits and styles that suit their fancies or needs.

Summer 2009

Project in July. Private reception. Open by appointment in August.
Select portions of the exhibition will be included in the Euphrat’s fall schedule.
Santa Clara County youth participating in the Summer Bridge Program

The (Super)heroes presented individual art along with poetry and writings by high school students, part of a Euphrat art project in conjunction with the Summer Bridge Program for foster youth. Youth considered what it meant to be a (Super)hero and what heroic qualities they saw in themselves or those around them. The mixed media art with images and text were powerful and insightful, directly related to their life experiences. The youth had the opportunity to speak in front of their art and writings at a community reception in the Euphrat and then later at a luncheon in the Campus Center.

Winter 2009

In February 2009, the Euphrat Museum of Art opened its doors to a brand new exhibition space.

Looking Back, Looking Ahead
February 17 - April 24, 2009
Closed Spring Break, March 30 - April 4
Reception with the Artists: Wednesday, March 11, 5:30-7:30pm.

Read a review of this inaugural art exhibition.

The Euphrat Museum of Art at De Anza College serves a culturally diverse, technologically sophisticated, urban community undergoing rapid economic and social changes. Looking Back, Looking Ahead is an eclectic look at Silicon Valley’s varied and colorful growth through visual media and shared narratives. This inaugural exhibition honors our past and looks to the future as we weave together the stories of artists and the stories of Silicon Valley residents and groups in an effort to understand the fascinating community that we are situated in. This is Silicon Valley. This is our story, your story.

Artists include: Paul Pei-Jen Hau, Agnes Pelton, Thai Bui, Rene Yung, Angela Buenning Filo, Consuelo Jimenez Underwood, Charisse Domingo, Mike Arcega, Shorty Fatz, Samuel Rodriguez, Matthew Rodriguez, and more.

Looking Back, Looking Ahead

West Gallery — Mountain Light Stone
Featuring Paul Pei-Jen Hau, Agnes Pelton, Thai Bui

Our honored artist for Looking Back, Looking Ahead is world-renowned painter Paul Pei-Jen Hau, who has a museum named after him in eastern China. Opened in 2002, the Hau Pei-Jen Art Museum contains many of his artworks and art from his personal collection. Hau’s bold watercolor and ink paintings bridge cultures of East and West, with references that range from the Ming dynasty to the vanguard of Western abstraction. His work has been exhibited at the San Jose Museum of Art and at the De Young Museum in San Francisco. Born in 1917 in Liaoning Province, Hau studied in both China and Japan. In 1956 he moved to California to teach at the Pacific Art League in Palo Alto. He lives in Los Altos and has taught locally for over 50 years. He has published three novels, a history of sociology, and a book on Chinese art. At age 92, he still visits China. In addition to the exhibit, a conversation/celebration with the artist is planned to help students and the community learn more about Hau and his impact locally and internationally. We hope the presentation will inspire further local research on Chinese masters in the area.

View a video interview of Paul Pei-Jen Hau by Diana Ding here.

Paul Pei-Jen Hau, The Mountains After Raining
Paul Pei-Jen Hau, The Mountains After Raining, 2008. Ink and color on paper, 20"x24".

Paul Pei-Jen Hau Seal: The Humble Old Man

Agnes Pelton (1881-1961) was born in Stuttgart, Germany. She studied at the Pratt Institute in New York. In the 1920s she focused on abstraction and joined with the Transcendental Painting Group. Known as a “Poet of Nature,” her mystical landscapes, many created after her move in 1931 to Cathedral City, California, suggest a meditative world where East meets West and spirit, vision, and nature harmonize. Not much was known about Agnes Pelton when we researched her in the early 1980s. Our publication, Staying Visible (1981), includes a section on her life and work. In the course of our research, a small collection of Pelton’s work was acquired. Since then, Pelton has been the subject of growing scholarship. Today Pelton's art stands alongside American legend Georgia O'Keeffe's. Pelton's Light Center, owned by the Euphrat, will be part of the exhibition Illumination: The Paintings of Georgia O'Keeffe, Agnes Pelton, Agnes Martin, and Florence Pierce, organized by the Orange County Museum of Art (OCMA). Light Center was shown at the Euphrat in February and March, after which it is on exhibition at OCMA. Related publications are available, along with study guides for children.

Agnes Pelton, Light Center
Agnes Pelton, Light Center, 1960-61. Oil on canvas, 36"x26". Collection of Euphrat Museum of Art, De Anza College, Cupertino, California. Gift of Cornelia Sussman and Irving Sussman.

Visually simple and intellectually complex, Thai Bui’s sculpture connects Eastern philosophies and several Western art movements: Minimalism, Funk, and Conceptual. Originally from Vietnam, Bui came to the U.S. in 1981 and received his MFA from Stanford University in 1992. His series, Needed, a poetic grouping of stones, not only relates to close personal relationships but also to our relationship with others and to nature. The concepts cross multiple boundaries. In Needed, stones are linked as male/female pairs. For a ceiling installation, half of each stone pair is suspended in a Haiku form. The other half is supported by its link. Bui has been profiled on KQED’s SPARK.

South Gallery — Story Lines
Everyday stories are tangible in Rene Yung’s major installation ….anges and disappearances. A low wall made of 400 bars of soap imprinted with the word “Remember” sits on a weathered wooden platform. Towels imprinted with words of personal memories and official identity hang on a nearby clothesline. A stool and wash basin beckon you to sit down, wash a towel, and hang it up on the clothesline. With use, the words on the soap and towels fade away, symbolizing the erasure of the cultural memory of 19th century immigrants, such as the 15,000 Chinese who helped build the Transcontinental Railroad, the Chinese who worked the mines, and ran laundries when prohibited by law to own land. Their overlooked stories continue on in today’s immigration debate. We will work with Yung and others on campus and in the community to capture the histories and stories of today, and to connect them with our visual life.

Rene Yung, ...nges And Disappearances
Rene Yung, ...nges and Disappearances, 2004. Interactive mixed media installation.
Interactive installation with multiple components, dimensions variable.

Change is rapid in Silicon Valley. Angela Buenning Filo’s photographs give the sense of news today, history tomorrow. The images include an electromagnetic emissions testing site in Mountain View and a dismantled server room in Sunnyvale. Juxtaposed are her images from Bangalore, India’s Silicon Valley. Among these are the lobby of a 24-7 customer service and the entrance to Electronic City. Many of the Silicon Valley scenes are devoid of people. Her scenes capture the uncertainty of investment and return as jobs and buildings appear and disappear. Some of the Bangalore images reflect the stark contrast with between current technology and everyday life. The high-school journalism program that Filo teaches in East Palo Alto has won a national award for its student newspaper, a copy of which will be on display. Filo will share stories of our Silicon Valley tech community and youth.

Angela Buenning Filo, Biotechnology Company Headquarters
Angela Buenning Filo, Biotechnology Company Headquarters, Mountain View, 2001. Photograph, 30"x40".

Consuelo Jimenez Underwood lives in Cupertino. She has been a professor in textiles at San Jose State for many years. On exhibit will be a Mexican American flag with the Sunnyvale Libby Fruit Cocktail can trademark in the center. “My dad was a bracero in WWII. They never fully paid my dad. They paid Mexico.” Underwood has many stories to share, including her international travels. These stories will lay the groundwork for a project that will be exhibited in the fall. Underwood has been chosen as a video subject for the American Craft Council.

Silicon Valley De-Bug uses a variety of media, from magazines to radio to web to sculpture, to tell stories of Silicon Valley. De-Bug is a collective of writers, artists, organizers, and workers based in San José. They are a project of Pacific News Service, a national news service. On exhibit will be Charisse Domingo’s portraits of mothers who face family problems with the criminal justice system, juvenile hall, and deportation. Domingo is part of the Euphrat's inaugural exhibition Looking Back, Looking Ahead. She also works with the Open Darkroom sponsored by De-Bug. De-Bug will give a presentation, and one of the groups affiliated with De-Bug, Shorty Fatz, will create a display in the Front View window.

Military garment and ceremony get a contemporary makeover with two works by Mike Arcega. They have special resonance with De Anza College, which is named after Juan Bautista de Anza, and with our central location in Silicon Valley. El Conquistadourke assumes a pose like a security guardian or a welcoming figure. This humorous 6’ suit of armor constructed of manila file folders comments on “the frailty of military might and the strength of trade.” Arcega mocks a romanticized view of the conquistadores of old and comments on trade practices today. Close by is Loping Honoring. Here, technology complicates our communication and identity and pokes at our pride. For this multi-media work of video, audio, lyrics, text was generated by spell checking the national anthem of the Philippines, Lupang Hinirang, in Microsoft Word V.11.3. This text was then reapplied to the harmony of Lupang Hinirang and sung in an operatic voice.

Front View
Custom bike specialists Shorty Fatz will create a special Front View window installation with their signature bikes. Samuel Rodriguez and Matthew Rodriguez create bikes unique in style and function. “Our goals are to create a stylish cruise with comfort and durability.” The ubiquitous Shorty Fatz cartoon character has a story of its own. Ensconced in a vinyl showcase window, the custom bike speaks to individual dreams as well as to stylish transportation. This is one of Silicon Valley’s new stories – building an art company and reaching out to youth with graphics and bike workshops. A mini-residency with the artists is being planned.

Come On Down!
Come On Down! is a multi-purpose project space that includes a collaborative communal area for connecting visual and oral history, and an experimental exhibition area for the results of interactive projects. Part of this space for campus and community will feature frequently changing artwork. Presentations in this area for early 2009 will include:
  • The Mapping Project: This pilot collaborative project sparked an interactive installation. Viewers describe a special place in Silicon Valley where something very significant happened and connect it to a map. This ongoing project connecting stories and images of Silicon Valley has both handwritten and Internet components, including a Flickr site. Collaborators: The California History Center, Geography Department, Euphrat Museum of Art.
  • Picturing Our Communities: Marc Coronado and Karen Chow's ¡LEAD! Winter 2009 EWRT 1A classes presented a large installation of photographs and a narrative slideshow on computer. Students identified their communities, took photos and wrote about them, and addressed how immigration impacts these communities. A select group of students designed and installed the art as part of a Community Service Learning Project.
  • Drawing From History: Students from Juliana Kang’s Intermediate Drawing class, drawing from Silicon Valley artifacts and photographs, displayed artwork about local history and change. Community collaborators include the Cupertino Historical Society and Museum and the Sunnyvale Historical Museum.
  • Art From The X-Ray Project : Artwork and information from The X-Ray Project, a two-week adjunct exhibition co-sponsored by the Euphrat Museum of Art and taking place concurrently in the De Anza Library. The X-Ray Project is a photography exhibit that uses actual X-Rays and CT scans of terror victims to explore the effects of terrorism on civilian populations worldwide. Co-sponsors included De Anza College Library, Hillel of Silicon Valley, De Anza College Jews, and Israelis & Friends Club.
  • Publications on view included the Euphrat publication, Staying Visible The Importance of Archives (1981), Agnes Pelton: Poet of Nature, and the curriculum developed by the Orange County Museum of Art for studying Agnes Pelton. Also, we have Hau Pei-Jen Art Museum and Connie Young Yu’s Profiles in Excellence, Peninsula Chinese Americans (1986) for studying Paul Pei-Jen Hau.

The inaugural exhibition was curated by Jan Rindfleisch, working with the artists and with Nancy Hom, Tom Izu, Jianhua Shu, Adrian Avila and Raj Jayadev and others. Collaborators include Silicon Valley De-Bug, California History Center, De Anza ¡LEAD! Program, Creative Arts Division, Intercultural and International Studies Division, Institute for Community and Civic Engagement, and more. Program development with Euphrat Advisory Council, Euphrat Program Committee, and Euphrat staff.

Fall 2008

De Anza and Foothill Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition
September 30 - October 30, 2008

The De Anza and Foothill College Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition presents a variety of artwork created by full-time and part-time art faculty and staff from De Anza College in Cupertino and Foothill College in Los Altos Hills. Sculpture, painting, drawing, prints, mixed media, photography, ceramics, and more will be on display.

De Anza and Foothill Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition

Summer 2008

Summer Bridge Program
Pilot project in July. Private reception. Open by appointment in August.
Santa Clara County youth participating in the Summer Bridge Program

The Summer Bridge Program exhibition presented individual and collaborative art along with poetry and writings by high school students, part of a Euphrat pilot project in conjunction with the Summer Bridge Program for foster youth. The students produced art and writings directly related to their life experiences. The youth had the opportunity to speak in front of their art and writings at a community reception in the Euphrat and then later at a luncheon in the Campus Center.

Spring 2008

Graphic Storytelling as Activism
February 11 - April 17, 2008
Closed President's Day, February 18, and spring break, March 31 – April 4

Artists include: Seyed Alavi, Oliver Chin, Charisse Domingo and De-Bug, Sharon Hing, Keith Knight, Lingshan, America Meredith, Favianna Rodriguez, Shorty Fatz

Graphic Storytelling as Activism presents a variety of art forms, including cartoons, political posters, digital art, book art, and more to explore a range of imagery with an activist bent. It began with graphic storyteller Keith Knight, who sees comics and cartooning as a powerful tool for social change. They have been “communicating information, concepts, and ideas since the days of hieroglyphics. They can transcend language, class, and race. Knowing the tools and concepts of cartooning allows anyone to be a mass communicator… You don’t need a million dollars. Just a pen and a piece of paper.” In this exhibition we took Knight’s ideas a bit farther, adding other tools to enable one to build communities through community-based arts, to address issues of the day, locally and globally, and to tell the personal story with the larger context, historically and culturally.

Graphic storyteller Keith Knight exhibits work from three series. One group of cartoons is from the book Beginner’s Guide to Community-Based Arts, which features ten graphic stories about artists, educators, and activists across the U.S. Knight’s drawings bring alive people and stories, e.g. Lily Yeh, Founder of the Village of Arts and Humanities in Philadelphia, and James “Big Man” Maxton, master mosaicist and former Operations Director at the Village. Other images on display are drawn from his nationally syndicated comic strips, “The K Chronicles” and “(th)ink.” Knight is an award-winning cartoonist, rapper, and hip-hop musician.

Graphic Storytelling as Activism

Favianna Rodriguez exhibits colorful silkscreen and other prints, including political posters and personal art. Her silkscreen Designs on Democracy: Communication for Liberation shows the intersection between being a designer and an activist. The image is a self-portrait with a city landscape. “My intersecting identities as a poster artist, activist, designer, and woman of color all came together in this piece.” Rodriguez was schooled in East Oakland by Chicano political-poster artists. “My art pieces reflect national and international grassroots struggles, and tell a history of social justice through graphics.” Rodriguez is a founding member of the EastSide Arts Alliance (ESAA), an Oakland-based collective of third world artists and community organizers.

Oliver Chin uses comics to educate and promote discussion. Images and words from his graphic novel 9 of 1: A Window to the World deal with perspectives of many people around the time of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The format is of nine members of an eleventh grade class interviewing various members of their diverse community. Through creative use of drawings and text, he combines history, geography, personal perspectives of interviewer and interviewee, emotion and experience, and ways to learn from the past. Also on exhibit will be references to the Julie Black Belt and The Octonauts books, which he has published. Using contemporary cartooning styles, these books provide positive role models and messages for children.

Charisse Domingo’s photographic series on East Palo Alto and Gila River reveals a major untold story in Silicon Valley. We see the connections between distant locations, toxic waste, and the human determination to tell the story and activate the community. This series is one of a number Domingo has done for Silicon Valley De-Bug. De-Bug is a collective of writers, artists, organizers, and workers based in San Jose, California, and is a project of Pacific News Service. Founded by Raj Jayadev, De-Bug explores community issues in workplaces, schools, streets, relationships — telling stories from personal experiences, creating a platform for unheard stories — through De-Bug magazine and connecting projects, including a community darkroom, silkscreen workshops, and designing custom bikes. Other artists include arts director Adrian Avila, along with Shorty Fatz. The latter, Samuel Rodriguez and Matthew Rodriguez, create custom bikes, graffiti-like, with characters, a fictional world.

Dirty Work. The original impetus for Sharon Hing’s recent gouache, mixed media, and conceptual artwork was derived from personal interviews with foreign domestic workers in Hong Kong. In one interview a woman shared how her employer demanded that she number every square of toilet paper so the employer would be able to monitor her life. As Hing began this series, she synthesized these key life images of a rarely acknowledged but vital sector of Hong Kong society. Other works allude to the disparity of incomes between workers in the Philippines and Hong Kong, the demeaning working and living conditions for foreign domestic workers, such as sleeping on the floor. While studying in Hong Kong in 2006, she volunteered with the Hong Kong legal aid organization Helpers for Domestic Helpers (HDH). Learning about the widespread exploitation and severe abuse of foreign domestic helpers prompted her to create work to be sold for the benefit of HDH.

America Meredith is an enrolled member of the Cherokee Nation, hereditary member of the Red Paint Clan, of Swedish and Celtic descent — as she says, “pink.” Her Cherokee Spokespeople is an international exhibition of spokecards for bicycle wheels. Spokecards are laminated cards often created by bike messengers as souvenirs. Hers carry Cherokee words/phrases in syllabary and Roman letters to aid in pronunciation, and are joined with illustrative images. Cherokee, like other Native American languages is in danger of extinction. Meredith enlists cyclists in to collaborate, forming a moving exhibition around the world, which they photograph. Meredith’s Think Pink paintings remind us of history, glossed over and forgotten. She adds text, combining humor and insight, for example giving a little history lesson (with plus and minus points) about U.S. Vice President Charles Curtis (Kaw, Potawatomi, and Osage) under Herbert Hoover.

Seyed Alavi’s book Frames of Reference presents visual story telling that lies between a photographic novel, movie, and storybook. This collection of photos documents a journey to Iran, and probes and educates beyond the charged Iranian political situation in the news. Frames of Reference is poetic, less didactic, allowing the reader/viewer to experience a vision of a country where tradition and modernity dance together in a fragile pas de deux. It is also filmic. Each photo merges with the next creating a river of images that carries the viewer/reader along on a multifaceted journey.

Lingshan’s social realist paintings expose us to overarching stories, along with stories within stories. His painting of John Rabe and Minnie Vautrin refers to the atrocity of the Nanking massacre. In December 1937, the Japanese army invaded, burned, and looted Nanking, killing 300,000 unarmed Chinese and raping 20,000. Like Otto Schindler during the Holocaust, Rabe and Vautrin saved many Chinese from execution. In conjunction, we show Lingshan’s portrait of Iris Chang, who lived nearby in Silicon Valley. For years she researched and brought to light the atrocities that occurred in Nanking, so we could learn from history. In that spirit, Lingshan also has helped organize a traveling exhibition.

Several publications will be on display, including New Creative Community, from New Village Press. The exhibition grew from Knight’s concept, was curated by Jan Rindfleisch, with Nancy Hom, Jianhua Shu, and Diana Argabrite.

Fall 2007

Moving Cultures (...all over the map)
October 2 - November 21, 2007
Closed November 12, 2007

Reception with poet Norma Cantú October 1, 4-5pm, with artists 5-6pm.

Artists include: Michael Arcega, Vic De La Rosa, Kent Manske and Nanette Wylde, Eugene Rodriguez, Marta Sanchez with Norma Cantú, Christine Wong Yap

Moving Cultures is an exhibition of art related to moving cultures, whether from one location to another, changing/shifting over time, or changing interpretations. Content ranges from railroad culture in Texas to contemporary views of artworld culture, activist culture, and "American" culture. Artworks range from landscapes and poetry to interventions, actions, satire, and cultural Meaning Makers.

Moving Cultures Show Announcement

Railroad culture in Texas, the Mexican experience, is the basis for the collaborative prints of artist Marta Sanchez and Chicana poet Norma Cantú . The Transcendental Train Yard series, including serigraphs and a large offset lithograph, address the history and beauty of the train yards as a place of work, living (cargo dwellings) and Vaudevillian troupes that entertained the Mexican community in song, social parodies, and circus acts. The colorful print R cigarro R barril relates to a poem taken from an old children's song about trains. The poem was an offspring from the song and is still sung by folklore singer Jose Luis Orozco. This piece was one of the first Sanchez and Cantú worked on and was printed at Philadelphia's Brandywine workshop. The box set of serigraphs that they have been working on is being printed by Coronado Studios in Austin, Texas.

Texas railroad culture is also the basis of a mixed-media Day of the Dead altar by Eugene Rodriguez . Early in the 20th century Rodriguez's grandparents traveled north to Chicago from Mexico, worked on the railroads, then migrated west to California. The Journey pays homage to all who have come to this country in search of a better life. And Rodriquez goes further. Through text, he connects immigration and family, corporate media and globalization, to address "transnational citizenship, labor practices, and human rights".

Vic De La Rosa, who innovates with technology and textiles, exhibits provocative sarapes. His Verbal Sarape series is jacquard woven. One sarape reads: " is it me? or just what I am wearing ," words generally applicable to our times of quick cultural assumptions. While De La Rosa looks at Texas and other southwest Mexican migrant populations, he focuses on cultural assumptions, communication between cultures. Sometimes cultures cross borders and other times the borders themselves move, so De La Rosa also considers relationships to land grabs, reparations, and turf wars.

Michael Arcega exhibits work from his El Conquistadork series, a humorous critique on contemporary and historic issues of colonialism and cultural exchange. Included are maquettes for his 10' Manila galleon, made primarily of Manila folders and successful sailed in Tomales Bay to commemorate the famed intercontinental trade route of 1565 through 1815 between Mexico City, Manila, and California. Also on display is a huge map that Arcega frames as a tool for conquest. "Historically, the inhabitants of the drawn maps were unaware that they have been subjected to one kingdom or another." And flags, such as a Bear Arms flag: "an essential tool in identifying a group from other groups. It serves as a unifying tool for the group under its banner, but it is divisive in the same way." Arcega is one of a group of artists participating in Galleon Trade , a series of international arts exhibitions (organized by Jenifer Wofford and Lucy Mae San Pablo Burns, PhD), seeking to create new routes of cultural exchange along old routes of commerce and trade.

Christine Wong Yap also participated in Galleon Trade . Regalos is a transit-specific work involving "the shipment of two empty, glitter-covered balikbayan boxes to Manila. 'Balikbayan' is Tagalog for 'going home,' and can refer to overseas Filipinos returning to the mother country, or the large boxes of gifts they customarily bring home." Wong Yap relates that in transit to Manila the glitter eroded from the boxes, suggesting a trail to home. Also during reentry to the U.S., the boxes received new markings of transit, including Homeland Security stickers. "Regalos" is Tagalog (from Spanish) for "gift". Wong Yap reminds us that art is a gift, even as she calls attention to the heartfelt regalos of the Filipino overseas labor force.

Kent Manske and Nanette Wylde create a wonderful Meaning Maker installation with pamphlets to make sense of our changing culture(s). The American Citizenship Edition provides a structure for "making the most of your American experience." "Good for international travel preparation; mental gymnastics; inspecting bandwagons; endearing oneself to like-minded cronies; reinforcing fear, loathing, and patriotism; and adding spice to conversations." The Art Viewing Edition and Academic Conference Edition give similar insights into the art and academic worlds. And this is just the beginning. The humorous and insightful works are powerful tools for understanding and evaluating our experiences.

What began with a story of migration grew to reflect the cultural complexities of today - where many of us are have family and connections "all over the map" - and the resultant questioning of communication, meaning, and values.

The exhibition was curated by Jan Rindfleisch working with Nancy Hom, Consuelo Underwood, Christine Wong Yap, with assistance from Diana Argabrite.

Spring 2007

Material Culture
March 7 - April 19, 2007

Artists shown:
Reneé Billingslea, Hector Dio Mendoza, Corinne Okada, Nazanin Shenasa, Kerry Vander Meer

Artist community collaborators include Chike Nwoffiah, Oriki Theater

Material Culture connects a focus on textiles, both traditional and contemporary practice, with a focus on our culture of materials/materialism. In anthropology and archaeology, material culture (physical objects as opposed to documents) enables researchers to better understand a culture. Playing off several different title interpretations, we highlight six artists with content relevant to the times and the community.

Photograph of Corinne Okada's 'Nutcracker Dress' by George R. Young

Contemporary textile art is wide ranging. Artist Reneé Billingslea uses clothing to create an impact in her installation Fabric of Race: Lynching in America . Stained shirts, hanging, with hand-embroidered nametags, represent cases she researched. A hand-sewn quilt includes appropriated images from "lynching postcards." Here clothing/textiles stand in for the person and draws one into an important but rarely discussed part of U.S. history and a horrific part of human interactions that continues. Billingslea teaches at Santa Clara University.

Artist Corinne Okada creates wearable art and other art objects from recycled candy wrappers from other cultures, providing cultural links for different generations. Her beautiful Nutcracker Dress is constructed from Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Brazilian, and Italian candy wrappers along with produce bag netting, and bag ties. Her Fear Kimono is related to internment of Japanese Americans in the US during World War II. It contains Japanese paper dolls made of Executive Order 9066 documents, Japanese candy wrappers, fishing line, and plastic sushi grass. Okada also creates objects such as flora and fauna from wrappers. Here the material culture comes more into play because of the contrast with the natural world we once knew. Okada received a recent Artist of the Year award from Cupertino.

Chike Nwoffiah, Director of Oriki Theater in Mountain View, presents traditional wearable art from the Igbos in southeast Nigeria. Traditional garments are unique to each region and reflect the status of the individual. The garments displayed are often part of Oriki performances and installations that relate to the music, dance, and village life in Nigeria, where bright colors and bold designs are ever present. Nwoffiah is partaking in a drum/dance performance assembly at Nimitz Elementary School, part of a Euphrat collaborative interdisciplinary public artwork involving artists, De Anza students, and elementary school students.

Kerry Vander Meer takes women's contemporary clothing, particularly the stretchy kind, and builds art installations that overflow with creative energy of shape, lines, and textures. And fun. For example, a portion of her large installation Give and Take alludes to both the restrictive/liberating elements of pantyhose, sometimes stretched to the limit, and also alludes to variations of give and take in all kinds of social, economic, and political interactions. Yet joyful whimsy encompasses all. Vander Meer has exhibited widely and teaches at Creative Growth Art Center in Oakland.

Hector Dio Mendoza's artwork reflects various meanings to material culture. Having worked with elderly women in care facilities where he was collecting their stories, he noted they often crocheted doilies as they talked. So he dipped some of these in liquid concrete and created solid sculptures, all white. A colorful version, Atomic Landscape, connects to contemporary issues of youth, with whom Dio Mendoza also works. His wide-ranging community involvement leads him to unusual content. In the social sciences, "material culture" helps to understand a culture. But in his mixed-media Scapegoat (profiling) , clothing, headgear, or hairstyle can be used to distance people, stereotype, exclude, and worse.

Nazanin Shenasa exhibits a handmade silk costume, Layla's Shroud , created for a performance and installation, Permanent Madness, 2006. The work addresses the unconsummated love between the ancient Middle Eastern lovers Layla and Majnun. Shroud is a response to the medieval Iranian prototype of a noble woman suffering in silence. Here her poetic thoughts come flowing out of the sleeves. The concern of being separated from your dreams is a universal one that still pertains today. Young people often struggle with educational and life decisions, conflicted as to whether to conform to family or community expectations, or to follow their heart to the true self. Shenasa is a textile artist, art historian and curator who teaches at De Anza College.

The exhibition was curated by Jan Rindfleisch working with Nazanin Shenasa, with assistance from Diana Argabrite.

Winter 2007

Changing Still Life
January 22 - February 15, 2007

Artists shown:
DeWitt Cheng and Susan Danis

Artist, campus and community collaborators include Janet Leong Malan, Connie Young Yu, Tom Izu (California History Center), Annie Presler and Jose Marte (De Anza Biological, Health, and Environmental Sciences Division)

Changing Still Life is an interactive exhibition comprised of "still lifes" from which viewers can draw. These still lifes encompass a variety of directions, with objects reflecting different cultures and histories, found/recycled objects, objects related to different academic disciplines, and some artworks themselves. Viewers have the opportunity to use viewfinders and sketch on the spot.

ChangeStillLife pre-installation photograph
Pre-installation photograph (including items salvaged from the
West Cottage on the De Anza campus).

While creating their artwork, participants will be studying form, arrangement, and content. Objects will be added and removed over time. Some aspects of the arrangement can be adjusted. Movable lights and viewfinders enable participants to change lighting conditions and determine their compositions.

This changing still life imbues a classic art form with contemporary and local relevance. The unusual objects with wide-ranging content came from artists and from sources on campus and in the community.

Artists Susan Danis and DeWitt Cheng display artwork and/or objects from their studios. Danis's work, referring to consumerism and the environment, is constructed of recycled materials, sometimes conglomerations of synthetic fuzzies, beads, fake hair, plastic and rubberized parts in garish hues, pinks and greens. Cheng's art relates to science specimens. He morphs these into unique creatures and attaches titles that draw one into larger contemplations.

Community participation yielded historical objects from Connie Young Yu and Janet Leong Malan . Historian Young Yu offers a trunk and artifacts related to early Chinese-American history in the area, items from her family's collection, including a pair of slippers for bound feet belonging to her grandmother. Some items go back to the 1880s. For example, from the Route 87 upgrade, she recovered a liquor jug that was from the Woolen Mills Chinatown (1887-1902). Artist Leong Malan's objects reflect family history in Cupertino: a drilling tool, heart-shaped hoe, abacus used until the '70s, her grandfather's incense burner, business ledgers, and immigration papers. Her family was the first Chinese family to settle in Cupertino (1952), developing a successful flower-growing business.

Campus input included architectural elements salvaged by the California History Center (CHC) as time and new construction are changing the historic face of De Anza. French-style doors were salvaged from the West Cottage, recently demolished in an expansion project. Designed by architect Willis Polk for the Baldwin estate circa 1895, it served as guest and servant quarters for the main house currently housing the CHC. Director Tom Izu: "De Anza College owes its 'Spanish California' architectural theme and archway logo to elements in the two original Mission Revival style cottages." Restoration plans for the remaining cottage are under development.

A sheep's horn, a whale vertebra, and turtle shell from the De Anza Biological, Health, and Environmental Sciences Division , courtesy of Laboratory Technician Jose Marte, are incorporated. Microscopic specimens, animal bones, insect collections, and anatomical models enable concentration on the natural world, in its own struggle with urban development. Faculty member Annie Presler has provided native plants for display. These relate to De Anza's Environmental Studies Center (next to the Kirsch Center), a 1.5-acre arboretum showcasing California's native plant communities and promoting native plant usage in landscaping.

As new items are added, e.g. plants, or books or text-based materials, participants will have added opportunities to consider individual objects, partial views, and juxtapositions to develop their content and individual statements - whether by drawing, photography, or poetry.

The Euphrat Museum is in an interim space in the A quad while the design of the new Euphrat building is being finalized and construction proceeds. For this exhibition, some basic sketch materials will be provided. Other individual projects, class assignments or visits need to be coordinated with the Museum.

Fall 2006

DeAnza and Foothill Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition
Exhibition opened November 14th, and ran through December 7th.
Reception with artists' presentations November 28th, 6-8PM.

Euphrat Exhibition (Fall 2006): DeAnza and Foothill Art Faculty/Staff Exhibition

Fall 2004

Edges highlighted formal solutions and also explored edges with respect to timely content, whether on a personal, regional, or global level. In his Visual Quotations series, Titus Kaphar worked from selected 19th century paintings but only painted the African Americans. He worked in oils on dry-erase whiteboards with all the surrounding area left white. A hard edge separated the two. Diana Pumpelly Bates' bronze sculptures focused on the edge between physical and spiritual worlds. Photographer Julian Cardona 's works documented the violent entry of Mexico to globalization and probed inside the maquiladora world alongside the border. His series, Dying Slowly showed difficult edges: the border between life and death, death in life. In another series, THE TRUTH, Evidence of a Failure , he documented family members searching for the bodies of their daughters in the desert. Lucy Arai created soft and hard edges by applying sumi ink in washes on handmade paper and then employing sashiko, traditional Japanese running-stitch embroidery, in concentric circles and fluid patterns. Consuelo Underwood drew directly on the wall, included wrapped shaman sticks, and created an unusual red leather grid that looked like barbed wire. It referred to the ten sites where the U.S. government has constructed a 14' steel wall to secure the Mexico/U.S. border.

Euphrat Exhibition (Fall 2004): Edges

Spring 2004

City Life presented art related to the urban experience. It highlighted urban transportation, work, architecture (buildings, landscape, and interiors), public art, neighborhoods, and life styles. Lewis Watts showed photographs of urban life in Oakland, selections from his series Evidence: The Oakland Cultural Landscape Project . Jessica Dunne created paintings of urban night scenes, including parking lots and freeways. Seyed Alavi photographed numerous people on Market Street in San Francisco and layered their facial images, six at a time, to create composite images displayed as large kiosk posters. Harriete Estel Berman's nine-foot-square sculpture of "grass" constructed from recycled tin consumer products called attention to the rampant consumerism in our city malls. Large photographs of Tokyo subway scenes by Kim Yasuda explored ideas of personal and public space in Japanese cities. Katherine Aoki created something new, an active urban world populated with women who provoke us to challenge gender-related expectations.

Euphrat Exhibition (Spring 2004): City Life
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